Fact-Sheet on Azerbaijan
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FACT SHEET - AZERBAIJAN                      



Official name

Republic of Azerbaijan


86,600 km2


9.59 million [ as on January 2015]                                                                                        Population growth rate: 1.2 %

Main languages



Definition: age 15 and over can  read and write

total population: 99.8%

male: 99.9%

female: 99.7% (2010 Census)


Baku (Population  2.18 Million)

Main Cities

Baku, Ganja, Sumgait

Average Life Expectancy

Total 74.2 years: Male: 71.6 years  & Female: 76.8  years [ 2014 ]

Administrative & Territorial Divisions



Shia Muslim: 70%, Sunni Muslim: 23%, Russian Orthodox: 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox: 2.3%,others: 1.8%

National Day

28th May [Republic Day]; 18 October [Independence Day]

Establishment of diplomatic relations

28 February,  1992

Major ports

Baku International Marine Trade Port, Ports and Harbors: Baku, Lenkoran, Dubandi.




The average annual temperature is 14–15 °C (57–59 °F) in the Kur-Araz Lowland, the coastal regions south to the Apsheron Peninsula, and in the Lenkoran Lowland. The temperature declines with proximity to the mountains, averaging 4–5 °C (39–41 °F) at an altitude of 2,000 meters (6,600 ft), and 1–2 °C (34–36 °F) at 3,000 meters (9,800 ft).

Type of Government

Presidential democracy with a directly elected President, who has a five year term. The Government is headed by a Prime Minister who has a Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the President.

Head of State

H.E. Mr Ilham Aliyev, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan    www.prezident.az

Prime Minister

H.E. Mr Artur Raisizadeh   

Chairman of National Assembly

H.E. Mr. Ogtay Asadov


H.E. Mr Ogtay Asadov 

Foreign Minister 

H.E. Mr Elmar  Mammadyarov ; www.mfa.gov.az 

Finance Minister

H.E. Mr Samir Sharifov 

Defence Minister 

H.E. Zakir Hasanov

Economy and IndustryMinister

H.E. Mr. Shahin  Mustafayev; www.economy.gov.az

Energy Minister 

H.E. Mr. Natig  Aliyev

Ecology and Natural Resources Minister       

H.E. Huseyngulu Baghirov, Co-Chairman of the India-Azerbaijan Inter-Governmental Commission on Trade, Economic and Technological Cooperation. Indian Co-Chairman is the Minister of State for Commerce

Main Political Parties

Yeni Azerbaijan [President Aliyev`s party]; Azerbaijani Popular Front; National Independence Party; Musavat Party.


Unicameral 125 member Milli Mejlis [National Assembly]

Last elections

October, 2013 [Presidential]; November 2010 [National Assembly]

Next  elections due

October, 2018 [Presidential], November, 2015 [National Assembly.]

National Holidays

New Year’s Day, Martyrs’ Day,  International Women’s Day, Novruz holiday, Victory Day, Republic Day, National Salvation Day, Azerbaijan Armed Forces Day, Flag Day, International Solidarity Day, Ramadan holiday, Sacrifice Feast.

Member of regional/ multilateral institutions & organizations

UN, World Bank, IMF, WHO, IOC, World Tourism Organization, WCO, ICJ; OIC, PACE, OSCE, GUAM-ODED, TRACECA, etc.    



The Constitution of Azerbaijan was adopted on 12 November 1995 by popular referendum and amended on 24 August 2002. It carries the "highest legal force" in Azerbaijan as per article 147


AZN 58.98 billion /US $ 75.61 billion [ 2014]

GDP growth rate


2.8 % [2014]

Total Foreign Investment

 Main investors

AZN 4.88 billion / US$ 6.23 billion (2014)

 UK, Norway, Japan Turkey, France.

Foreign trade

US$ 31.016 billion (2014)

Trade partners        

Italy Germany, Indonesia, Russian, Israel, Turkey, France,  USA,  Great­Britain  and Thailand. 

Unemployment  rate  


Poverty  rate


Currency/ Monetary Unit

AZN  (Manat)

Exchange Rate

US$ 1.00 = 1.05 MANATS [end February 2015]

Forex reserves

US $ 54 billion (2014) 


     Foreign  debt : US$ 6.478 Billion  [2014]

Total Imports

 US$ 9.187 billion [2014]  

Total Exports

US$ 21.828 billion [2014] 

Imports from India



US$ 37 million [2014]

Mainly  cars, components of hot roll machinary or mechanical appliances,  meat, drugs, human vaccine, black tea, parts of airconditioners, Polyethylene terephthalate, other food stuff, Drilling pipes from ferrous metals, cards and intellectual cards, rice, Tobacco leaf, Metal constructions from ferrous metals,Tooth Brushes, Quartizite, Static converters, etc.

(Source: State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan)

Exports to India

US$ 778 million [2014 ]                                                                                     Mainly crude oil , oil coke, Iodine,Cattle skins, other unwrought lead, jet fuel, and components of earth-moving and tunneling machines

(Source: State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan)

Bilateral trade

Total trade turnover US $ 815 million [ 2014]

Principal Exports

[all countries]

Mineral products [oil, gas etc.]; lubricants; chemicals; fermented tobacco; cotton yarn & fibre; machinery; electro-technical domestic appliances; and machines.

Principal Imports

[all countries]

Electro-technical domestic appliances and machines; vegetable products; food products; misc. articles made of base metal; motor-vehicles; ferrous & non-ferrous metals; pharmaceuticals & consumer goods; chemicals; and cigarettes


1.4 % [2014]



Railways/ Highways

2,932 kms and 59,141 kms, respectively.

Central Bank             

National Bank of Azerbaijan

Chairman: Mr. Elman RUSTAMOV

R.Behbudov Str, 32,   AZ-1014 Baku,

Tel: 493 11 22, 493 55 41, Website: www.nba.az


Petroleum and Natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore; cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles


Cash Crops, grapes, cotton, tobacco, citrus fruits, and vegetables.

Natural Resources

Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite

Indian Community

Indian Association Azerbaijan ( IAA ) was formed on 5th October 2003. The Indian community in Azerbaijan of about 800 persons, organized as the India Azerbaijan  Association, organizes outreach activities with the local community through social/cultural celebration events with music, dance and Holi, Diwali and  Indian food festival, usually held in conjunction with major India festivals.

Major Universities    

Baku State University. Azerbaijan State Economic University, Azerbaijan State University of Language, Baku Music Academy, Azerbaijan State Technical University, Azerbaijan Oil Academy.  


Azerbaijan is in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, straddling Western Asia and Eastern Europe. It lies between latitudes 38° and 42° N, and longitudes 44° and 51° E.

Scientific Institutions    

Azerbaijan State University of Languages, Baku

State Medical University, Baku,

State Economic University, Baku

Azerbaijan State Academy of Sciences, Baku

Khazar University, Baku [Private]

Baku State University, Baku

Major Tourist attractions

Baku is on the Caspian Sea coast. It has a relatively modern international airport & provides direct air flights to many cities of the world. Significantly Baku also has splendid sandy beaches and gentle sloping sea bottom which attracts tourists.


Places of tourist attractions are:

-  Palace of  Shirvanshahs and the Maiden’s Tower in Baku;

-  Ateshgah Fire Temple monument close to Baku City

-  a unique monument of Azerbaijani art of the Mesolithic

   Period [circa VIII-VII BC] in the form of rock drawings at


-  Talish mountains, Palace of Sheki Khans at Sheki,

   mountainous regions of Zagatala, Oguz, Guba;

- Gizilagach National Park and the mineral springs in Nakhchivan

 Major Media Organizations


KHALG GAZETI [State owned]-Editor-in-Chief: Mr.Hasan


ZERKALO, Editor-in-Chief : Mr. Elchin SHYKHLINSKI


News Agencies 







EL-Editor-in-Chief: Mr. Nadir Badalov



TV Channels

AZ TV-1 & 2 [State owned]-Head: Mr. Arif ALISHANOV

ANS TV [Private]-Head: Mr. Vahid MUSTAFAYEV

Space TV [Private]-Head: Mr. Vaqif MUSTAFAYEV

ATV [Private]-Head: Mr. Tagi IBRAHIMOV

LIDER TV [Private]-Head: Mr. Vugar QARADAGLI

Public TV-Head: Mr. Ismayil OMAROV


Embassy of India, Baku   

Ambassador  :  Vacant                                                                                           Tel: +994 12 4472562

 Mr. Norbu Negi, Cd’A and Head of Chancery                                                      Tel: +994 12 4480394


All visitors are required to declare on arrival foreign currency being carried in person. A visitor is permitted to take foreign currency out of the country without payment of tax, of a sum NOT more than the amount declared on arrival. Conversion from hard currency to local currency and vice versa is permissible at the numerous licensed exchange counters all around the country and also at all banks. The rates of exchange for buying and selling of all hard currency are fixed by the National Bank of Azerbaijan.

Brief History

Azerbaijan was an independent state in ancient times but same under foreign domination in its more recent history. In 16th and 17th century, the Safavi dynasty of southern Azerbaijan came to the throne in |Persia and took over the Shirvan kingdom as well as Nakhichivan and Karabakh. Later in 16th and 17th centuries, the Ottomans and Russians fought for control of the area. In the 18th century, Russian influence over the area increased and with the collapse of the Safavid empire in the 18th century, Russia and Iran competed for influence in the region. Two wars later, in 1828, the treaty of Turkmanchay divided Azerbaijan between Persia and Russia.  The Soviet phase of Azeri history, which began on 28 April, 1920, lasted till October 18, 1991, when Azerbaijan declared its independence from erstwhile USSR on October 18, 1991. The new constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan was adopted on November, 1995.



Bilateral Relations with India


India recognized the independence of Azerbaijan in December 1991.

India established diplomatic relations with Azerbaijan on 28th of February 1992.

India opened its Embassy in Baku in March, 1999.

Azerbaijan opened Embassy in New Delhi in October, 2004.

Our countries celebrated the 20th Anniversary of the establishment diplomatic relations in 2012.

Second Foreign Office Consultation held on 12th-17th of March, 2007 in New Delhi. Deputy foreign Minister of Azerbaijan Mr. Khalaf Khalafov, headed by the delegation of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of  Azerbaijan. Third round of Foreign Office Consultation held on 22nd -24th of September, 2011 in Baku, Azerbaijan.  Mr. Sanjay Singh, Secretary (East), MEA, headed the delegation of MEA.

The first meeting of India- Azerbaijan Inter- Governmental Joint Commission (IGC) on Trade, Economic, Scientific and Technological Cooperation were held in New Delhi on November 26, 2009, second on April 16, 2012 in Baku, Azerbaijan  and the third meeting was held on 24-25 February 2014 in New Delhi.

A.        Recent Bilateral Ministerial visits:

 Visit from India:

 (i)        Shri Jyotiraditya M.Scindia, Minister of State for Commerce & industry visited Baku on April 16, 2012 for the second IGC meeting.

(ii )    Shri Ajay Makan, Minister of Youth Affairs on June 27-29, 2012

(iii)    Shri Kapil Sibbal, Minister of Communication and IT on November 3-4, 2012.

(iv)  A 9-member Parliamentary delegation, consisting of MPs from Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, visited Baku to attend the 10th Annual Conference of Parliamentary Network on the World Bank and IMF (PNOW) on 24-25 May, 2013.

(v)  A 20-member Parliamentary delegation visited Baku on 6-10 October 2013 as Observer during the Presidential elections in Azerbaijan at the invitation of Association for Civil Society Development in Azerbaijan. 

Visit to India:

(i)                 Mr. Natig Aliyev, Minister of Energy on 9-10 October 2012.

(ii)               Mr. Fikrat Mammadov, Minister for Justice on April 3-6, 2013,

(iii)             Mr. Samir Sharifov, Minister of Finance on May 2-4, 2013,

(iv)             Mr. Elmar Mammadyarov, Minister of Foreign Affairs on May 5, 2013.

(v)               Mr. Natig Aliyev, Minister of Energy on 12-15 January 2014 to attend the 11th International Oil & Gas Conference and exhibition ‘PETROTECH -2014’ in New Delhi.

(vi)             Mr. Huseyngulu Baghirov, Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources to participate in the 3rd session of IAIGC in New Delhi on 24-25 February 2014.

(vii)             Dr. Ganira Pashayeva, MP and member of India-Azerbaijan Inter-Parliamentary Friendship Group on 20-26 September 2014 to attend 3rd international Symposium of Turkic Art, History and Folklore in New Delhi. 

National Flag

The flag of Azerbaijan is a horizontal tricolor of blue, red, and green, with a white crescent and an eight-pointed star centered on a red band.

Visa requirement for Diplomatic Passport


Visa requirement for Official Passport


Visa requirement for Ordinary Passport


As on

February  2015.